People who get acne are genetically predisposed to it. Acne, known as hyperkeratosis, is caused by an excess of skin cells shedding inside the pore. Acne prone skin can shed up to five layers of skin cells a day inside the pore. Where as, someone who isn’t prone to acne only sheds one layer of skin cells a day. The body just can't keep up with this excess cells, the pore becomes clogged and congested. When p-acne bacteria is present it causes inflamed acne lesions.
There are two types of acne non-inflamed and inflamed. Most people have a combination of the two.
This picture shows non inflamed acne. Dead skin cells and oil clog the pore forming a non inflamed lesion.
Inflamed acne is cause when oil and dead skin cells build up. This build up puts pressure on the pore walls, causing the pore rupture and spread to the surrounding skin. Because of the P. acnes bacteria, the surrounding skin becomes infected.
The pores must be treated with products that exfoliate and unclog the pore, keep it unclogged and kill the p.acne bacteria. It takes a system approach to control acne. By, combining clinical grade products and avoiding other factors that can aggravate acne, certain foods, medications, pore clogging ingredients/chemicals, and stress, you can get your acne under control in three to six months. Acne lesions can take three months to form which is why is takes at least three months to get clear. Its important to know, you will most likely see new break outs during your treatment, but that doesn't mean its not working. By using the proper products twice a day, and having adjustments made to your homecare every two weeks, no new lesions will form.